Occupational Therapy at The Center for Eating Disorders
Occupational therapy focuses on enabling people to participate in meaningful and purposeful activities of daily life.
An individual’s “occupation” is any activity that occupies his or her time. When a person struggles with an eating disorder, their prior healthy roles and occupations fade; their primary occupation becomes the eating disorder and the many rituals and behaviors required to maintain it. Previous occupations such as socializing with friends, participating in favorite leisure activities, volunteering, sharing time with family, and engaging in work or school, gradually fade until there is often a severe lack of balance and the only focus of their day becomes the eating disorder. Occupational Therapy (OT) helps individuals with eating disorders reestablish these previous healthy occupations and the life balance they once had.
Through the use of purposeful activity, the Occupational Therapists at the Center for Eating Disorders at Sheppard Pratt empower individuals to acquire healthy, valued, age appropriate roles. OT actually has its roots at Sheppard Pratt Hospital in Towson, Maryland, dating back to 1902. Today, our Occupational Therapists are holistically trained with core educational elements of neurology, physiology, psychology, and developmental and behavioral sciences.
There are three main goals of OT at the Center for Eating Disorders:
1. To provide a safe setting where the person with an eating disorder may engage in multi-sensory activities via doing.
Because the eating disorder seems to be fueled by thoughts and beliefs, doing provides an experience which challenges those distorted beliefs with accurate, multi-sensory information: touching, exploring, smelling, laughing, seeing, talking, and hearing. The eating disordered thoughts may be sending one message, but the sensory body is sending competing messages as the individual reawakens interest in the sensory world around them. The individual is reminded, through their sensory being, of their experiences they had when they were healthier.
2. To provide the patient with a setting where the verbal insights learned in psychotherapy can be converted into new behaviors.
In a relatively low-risk environment, the individual, while engaged in activity and with the assistance of the Occupational Therapist, may experiment with healthier behaviors related to choice, decision-making, asking for help, setting realistic expectations, tolerating imperfection, feelings of achievement and competence, and problem solving. The OT setting provides a microcosm of the world at large, where each person is presented with unrehearsed situations which require a response. The Occupational Therapist unites all of the information from the other verbal disciplines and supports the patient in using that information to develop a more effective response.
3. To practice habits which create or reinforce healthy roles and occupations.
OT groups and individual sessions use real life activities as therapy. These purposeful activities may include:
- planning and preparing snacks/meals
- meal pacing
- grocery shopping
- clothes shopping
- leisure and hobby exploration
- socializing with peers during group games
- planting and caring for plants and vegetables
- money management and budgeting
- time management skills
- goal setting
- developing volunteer and employment opportunities
- becoming familiar with one’s own sensory preferences
OT uses activities such as these to assist patients in defining and returning to the roles in their lives that are important to them. Establishing a connection to these meaningful occupations and roles helps individuals change the way they think about themselves, their environment and their recovery.
Want to learn more about the Occupational Therapy program at The Center for Eating Disorders? Call us or visit the Virtual Tour.
Meet our team of Occupational Therapists here.