Outpatient Group Therapy at The Center for Eating Disorders {Summer 2014}

JUNE 2014 – The Center for Eating Disorders has launched several new outpatient therapy groups in addition to our other longstanding groups for individuals with eating disorders. Group therapy can be a great way to obtain additional support in the recovery process while also mastering beneficial new skill sets and practicing social interactions in a therapeutic setting with the guidance of a licensed therapist.  We invite you to review the current group therapy opportunities below and contact the group leader if interested.

THERAPY Groups…

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Group for BODY IMAGE
Tuesdays, 5:15 – 6:15 PM
Participants can expect to learn about how to promote positive body image using the cognitive-behavioral model.  The group lasts 10 sessions and will consist of a variety of body image topics (e.g. body checking, body avoidance, body comparison, emotional labeling, eating disorder mindset) and incorporates specific CBT skills with the goal of decreasing an individual’s preoccupation with weight and shape and their control. Please contact Laura Sproch, Ph.D. at 410-427-3851 for further information and to complete a brief phone screening. 

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for ADULTS
Tuesdays, 5:15-6:15 PM
Thursdays, 6:15-7:15 PM
Participants in this group will learn about the cognitive-behavioral model and its application for eating disorders and for the individual.  Group topics will rotate, based on the needs of the group, with a strong focus on the behavioral skills and making behavioral changes outside of the group.  Skills include, but are not limited to, self-monitoring, imagery, deep breathing, behavioral chain analysis, body image behavioral skills and problem solving. Contact Laura Sproch, PhD at (410) 427-3851 for more information.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for ADOLESCENTS in Transition
Tuesdays, 5:30-7:00 PM
This is a Cogntitive Behavioral Therapy group for adolescents who are transitioning from a higher level of care (at any inpatient, residential or partial hospital eating disorder program) back into outpatient therapy.  The groups runs on a six-week session.  Contact Lisa McCathran, LCPC at (410) 427-3873 for more information.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) Group 
Thursdays, 5:30-6:30 PM
DBT is an evidence-based treatment composed of four modules: Mindfulness, Distress Tolerance, Emotion Regulation and Interpersonal Effectiveness.  Extensive research has found DBT to be beneficial in the treatment of a variety of disorders, including mood disorders, anxiety disorders, substance abuse and eating disorders.  This particular DBT group is open to adults, ages 18 and over, with or without an eating disorder.  Interested individuals, or referring providers, should call Craig Boas, LCSW-C at (410) 427-3879 to complete the screening process. You can read more about DBT and each of the four modules here.

Interpersonal Therapy Group for Binge Eating Disorder / Compulsive Overeating
Tuesdays, 4:30-5:50 PM

Wednesdays, 7:15-8:35 PM
Thursdays, 4:40-6:00 PM 
Process-Oriented and skills-based therapy groups for adults (ages 22 and over) who struggle specifically with Binge Eating Disorder or compulsive overeating.  For more information about these specialized groups, please call David Roth, PhD at (410) 427-3871.

Interpersonal Therapy Group for Adults with Eating Disorders
Wednesdays, 5:30-7:00 PM
A process-oriented group for adults (ages 22 and over) with any type of eating disorder. This is a thematic, open-ended group in which members are encouraged to process current and past struggles in a way that improves insight into the role of the eating disorder in their life and provides an opportunity to develop strategies for moving toward recovery.  A variety of skillsets are introduced and practiced within the supportive framework of the group.  Contact David Roth, PhD at (410) 427-3871 for additional information.

Motivation to Change Therapy Group
Saturdays, 4:00-5:00 PM
Motivation to Change (MTC) is a group for individuals 18 and over with an eating disorder. Participants will be asked to complete a full module from beginning to end (12 groups per module). At the beginning of each module, participants will assess their stage of change and should be able to identify next steps and tools for implementing change by the end of each module. Please contact Rachel Hendricks, LCSW-C at 410-427-3862 for further information and to complete a brief screening over the phone.

SUPPORT Groups…

Collaborative Care Workshops for Caregivers & Family Members
(
Now being offered completely FREE OF CHARGE to all interested families)

Tuesdays, 5:30-7:00 PM 
These 6-week sessions based on the work of Dr. Janet Treasure, are designed to address the most universal needs of the carers: connection with other carers; support; and skills training.  Key skills taught include motivational interviewing, communication, the trans-theoretical model of change, self-care and behavior analysis. Research suggests that participation in these workshops, leads to benefits for both the carers and the patient. The workshops are OPEN to all support people at any stage of a loved one’s illness or recovery and are now being offered completely free of charge. You can read more about collaborative care on our blog.  Call (410) 427-3874 or email Dr. Jennifer Moran to register for the group.

Recovery-Focused Community Eating Disorder Support Group
Wednesdays, 7:00-8:30 PM
Read more about this and other opportunities on our support group page.

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The Center participates with an extensive list of insurance providers which means group therapy services can often be billed through insurance or participants may choose to self-pay. If you are interested in joining any of the groups listed above, please contact the specific group therapist directly or call the main number, (410) 938-5252.

If you are a physician or therapist interested in referring a patient for group therapy as an adjunt to existing individual or family therapy, please feel free to call the contacts listed above.  Our group therapists are committed to communication with providers in the community and to working collaboratively as a team to meet the needs of each patient.  With the proper release forms, group therapists welcome ongoing communication, can discuss skills and principles being covered in the groups, opportunities to apply the skills to individual therapy, and other relevant goals and progress.

Seasonal Depression: Fall-ing into Winter

Fall on the SP Campus...
Does the idea of darkness during your 5pm commute home from work get you down? You’re not alone if you’ve noticed that it’s not just the flowers in your garden but also your mood that has “wilted” with the cooler temperatures. During the fall and winter months, people may experience a shift in their mood as we collectively adjust to less sunshine and more cold weather. But it might be more than just “the blues” if it is a persistent sadness that feels present most days and is interfering with your ability to function or engage in day-to-day life. If this is a pattern that’s occurred for at least two years in a row and impacts you at the same time each year, it might be Seasonal Affective Disorder.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Many people around the world suffer from SAD, now identified in the DSM-5 as Depressive Disorder with seasonal pattern. It is suspected that seasonal depression is, in part, caused by a reduced exposure to sunlight resulting in disruption to our natural circadian rhythm (the body’s “internal clock”), as well decreased levels of the hormones serotonin and melatonin which help to regulate mood, sleep and appetite. Not surprisingly, populations living farther from the equator experience higher rates of seasonal depression than places closest to it. Thus, this type of depression occurs more frequently in populations throughout the northern rather than southern parts of the United States. In fact, one study found prevalence rates to be 1.4% in Florida and a much higher 9.7% in New Hampshire. (1)  Much of the research also indicates younger people and women tend to be at higher risk for winter depressive episodes.

People who already struggle throughout the year with clinical depression or bipolar disorder may also experience worsening symptoms during specific seasons. For those with seasonal depression, the episodes of depression that occur in the fall/winter are significantly greater than those episodes that occur throughout the remainder of the calendar year. In any case, it’s important to pay attention to seasonal patterns in your mood so that you can prepare and seek appropriate treatment and support as needed.

Common symptoms of seasonal depression
Seasonal depressive episodes generally set in during late fall or early winter. Some of the most common signs and symptoms include:

  • decreased energy, lethargy
  • increased sleep, difficulty waking
  • social withdrawal and loss of interest in activities previously enjoyed
  • increased appetite, unintended weight gain
  • persistent sadness, hopelessness
  • difficulty concentrating or focusing on tasks

(Though less common, some people experience spring/summer depressive episodes and those symptoms can look a little different, more often encompassing sleeplessness, irritability, decreased appetite and weight loss, etc.)

How might seasonal depression affect people with eating disorders?
A depressive episode can impact eating patterns and thus, impact eating disorder recovery efforts.  Individuals suffering from seasonal depression often report increased appetite. Specific studies have indicated that individuals with SAD tend to experience more cravings for foods that are higher in carbohydrates and rich in starch and report increased consumption of carbohydrates when depressed, anxious or lonely. (2)  Combined with decreased energy and declining mood, these cravings can place one at higher risk for binge eating behaviors.

Other research has shown a seasonal component to depression especially for those individuals suffering from Bulimia Nervosa. (3)  The research revealed that patients with Bulimia Nervosa tended to experience seasonal patterns of mood and appetite similar to those described by many with SAD. (4)  Some research has further speculated with regard to a possible genetic link between eating disorders and susceptibility to changes in mood related to the season. (5)

Treatment Options for Individuals affected by seasonal depression
So what can you do when the light outside your window has turned to darkness and, perhaps, this has added fuel to the eating disorder fire as well? The good news is that there are many different treatment approaches that are helpful to those suffering from seasonal depression.

  • Light therapy or Phototherapy is a commonly prescribed treatment for individuals suffering from seasonal depression. In light therapy individuals sit in front of a “light box” for approximately thirty minutes daily or per their doctor’s recommendation. Research has shown that light therapy can relieve the symptoms of seasonal depression in as many as 70% of cases. (6)
  • Anti-depressant medications can also be helpful in treating winter depression and have been shown to improve mood, energy and sleep patterns. One of the ways in which these medications work is by increasing serotonin levels in the brain.
  • Evidence-based therapies for depression such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can also be helpful for seasonal depression.
  • Behavioral interventions in your daily life can also be helpful in reducing symptoms of seasonal depression. Consider trying to incorporate some or all of these:
    1. Engage in activities with friends and family each day to ward off feelings of lonliness or isolation.
    2. Make a point to get outside in the sunlight for at least a portion of the day if possible. Schedule a walk with your colleague during break or sit outside instead of inside while you do your daily perusing of Facebook, however…
    3. Be mindful about whether online social networks make you feel worse instead of better OR if they take up large amounts of time that could be better spent connecting with people in person (see #1 above).
    4. Plan to get plenty of sleep on a consistent schedule; do your best to go to bed and wake up at the same times each day, and aim for 7-8 hours of sleep/day.
    5. Avoid the use of alcohol or other substances which can worsen depressive symptoms, complicate eating disorder symptoms and disrupt sleep.

Focus on the highlights of the changing season.
If you struggle with seasonal depression, a long autumn and the approaching winter can feel daunting. Holiday stress, can make things even more difficult for individuals who are triggered by tense family dynamics, elaborate meals and social gatherings. This year, Instead of focusing on the doldrums of the season or annual stressors, consider looking for positive seasonal activities in which to get involved. Now is the perfect time to go to a holiday parade, paint a room in your house a new color, volunteer for a new cause, plan a weekend getaway, attend a recovery event, build a snowman or read a winter-themed book. It could also be a great opportunity to finish your summer vacation scrapbook or try a new activity like snow tubing or ice skating. You can even practice guided imagery or meditation – just because there is snow outside it doesn’t mean you can’t imagine yourself relaxing on a warm beach.

Try not wish away the winter season.  Each season comes with its own set of challenges for individuals with eating disorders – just think of the onslaught of diet pressures throughout spring or the bathing suit saga of summer.  So the key is not to just “get through” each season (there will be a new set of stressors on the next calendar page after all) but to learn to live mindfully in each season and find ways you can enjoy what it has to offer.

Above all else remember to ask for help when you need it. Talk to your treatment providers about your seasonal mood changes and they can help to devise an individualized treatment plan that works for you. If you are seeing a Registered Dietitian now is the time to talk with them about the food cravings you might be experiencing and devise an approach to cope and integrate more variety into your meal plan. Remember to open up and involve your support system– let your friends or family be a part of the process by sharing with them what you are going through. With help and support, you’ll be celebrating the Vernal Equinox in no time and reflecting on a well-spent, memorable winter.

For questions about treatment for co-occurring depression and eating disorders, please visit our website at www.eatingdisorder.org

Written by Amy Scott, LCPC

 

References:

  1. Friedman, Richard A. (December 18, 2007) Brought on by Darkness, Disorder Needs Light. New York Times’’.
  2. Krauchi, K., Reich, S.,& Wirz-Justice, A. (1997). Eating style in seasonal affective disorder – who will gain weight in winter? Compr Psychiatry, Mar-April, 38 (2). 80-87.
  3. Lam, R.W, Goldner, E.M., & Grewal, A. Seasonality of symptoms in anorexia and bulimia. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 1996. Jan 19 (1): 34-44.
  4. Fornari, V.M, Braun, D. L., Sunday, S.R., Sandberg, D.E., Matthews, M, Chen, IL, Mandel, F.S., Halmi, KA & Katz, JL (1994) . Seasonal Patterns in Eating Disorder Subtypes.Compr Psychiatry. Nov /Dec; 35 (6): 450-456.
  5. Sher, L. (2001). Possible Genetic Link Between eating disorders and seasonal changes in mood and behavior. Med Hypothesis, Nov 57 (5): 606-608.
  6. Wein, Harrison ed. (2013). Beat the winter blues shedding light on seasonal sadness. NIH News in Health. Retrieved from http://newsinhealth.nih.gov/issue/Jan2013/Feature1.

 

An open letter to Dr. Drew Pinsky…

Earlier this week, Dr. Drew Pinsky made some misleading comments about “exercise bulimia” in a video featured on CNN iReport.  The comments sparked concern because of the implications they could have for individuals who are struggling with excessive exercise and for those who may be at-risk.  Dr. Harry Brandt,  CED Director, was motivated to reach out to Dr. Drew in hopes of opening a public conversation that will shed light on eating disorders and spread accurate information regarding just how serious excessive exercise can be. The letter is published below: 

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Dear Dr. Pinsky:

By way of introduction, I am the Director of the Center for Eating Disorders at Sheppard Pratt, and former Director of the Unit on Eating Disorders of the National Institutes of Health.  While generally, I think you have done an excellent job of increasing awareness of major mental illnesses to the population at large, I was concerned about your recent video comments regarding “exercise” bulimia.  I felt compelled to blog about it on our website, and have received many responses from patients.  Here is a link to the blog:  In response to Dr. Drew ~ Exercise bulimia is not a mild mental health issue.

I would be most appreciative if you would consider following up on this issue publicly to raise awareness about the seriousness of bulimia nervosa, with particular attention to those individuals that use compulsive exercise as their means of purging.  

I would welcome the opportunity to discuss this with you further.

With best regards,

Harry A. Brandt, M.D.

Director, Center for Eating Disorders
Sheppard Pratt Health System

Head, Department of Psychiatry
St. Joseph Medical Center

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